Bromeliad Tillandsia  Info 

fertilizer - 17-8-22


Air circulation can be improved in a home by simply opening a window on days that are not too cold or by turning on a fan at low speed for most of the day.

Unfortunately, in an indoor situation, where the humidity is usually very low, they are unable to obtain adequate moisture from the air. Moisture can be supplied to these plants by misting or dousing them in a container of water daily.

*/Tillandsia/.* With nearly 400 species this genus is the largest, most diverse and widely distributed genus in the bromeliad family. Most are epiphytic, except for a few species that grow on rocks. Plant species vary in size from tiny to large. Some species have leaves that are tough and string-like; others have soft, thin, strap-like leaves. In still others the lower part of the leaf is spoon shaped. Often, the leaves are covered with a gray fuzz or scales. The inflorescence is spectacular in some species consisting usually of blue flowers with brightly colored bracts.

   * Spanish-Moss
   * Common Name: Spanish-Moss
   * Botanical Name: Tillandsia usneoides (ti-LAND-zee-a us-nee-OI-deez)
   * Decorative Life: Years.
   * Post Harvest Care: If using as a fresh product, mist often. Some
     people are allergic to some mosses. Often better to handle wet
     than dry.
   * Family Roots: Member of the Bromeliaceae (pineapple family).
     Native to Southeastern US to Chile and Argentina. Family relatives
     include Billbergia, Cryptanthus, Aechmea, Guzmania, pineapple and
   * Personality: Silvery-gray threadlike masses to 25 ft. long,
     classed as a monocotyledon. Densely covered by gray scales, which
     are a means of receiving and holding atmospheric moisture making
     roots unnecessary. Very small axial flowers with petals 3/8 in. (1
     cm) long, in changing colors yellowish-green to blue, the plant is
     an epiphytic perennial. Flowers are not fragrant.
   * Availability: Year-round.
   * Flower Color: Not applicable as it is used for its green to
     grayish stems.
   * Storage Specifics: Almost any. Tidbits:
   * The genus name, Tillandsia, derives from the name of a Swedish
     scientist, Elias Tillands, a professor of medicine at the
     University of Abo, who catalogued the plants around that town in
   * Native Americans called the plant "tree hair", which name the
     French explorers turned to "Barbe espagnole" -- "Spanish Beard" --
     to insult their bitter rivals in the New World. The Spanish
     retorted with "Cabello francÚs" ("French hair"). "Spanish Moss", a
     milder variation of the French taunt, has survived. Another common
     name is "Graybeard".
   * According to legend, a Spaniard was in love with an Indian chief's
     daughter. The chief did not approve and had the Spaniard strung up
     in a tree until he renounced his love. The Spaniard refused, died
     in the tree, but his beard continued to grow from the tree's
     branches as a sign of his undying love.
   * Most commonly seen naturally growing on tree branches.
   * Full sun or overly windy conditions can cause the plant to dry out
     quickly. Spanish moss is difficult to upkeep in the apartment
     growing environment due to the lack of humidity and presence of
     drying winds
   * It also loves a hot steamy bathroom to  hang in and is great to
     attract birds into your gardens too!!
   * Spanish Moss
     (Tillandsia usneoides)
   * Unlike ball moss, Spanish moss does not develop the very dense
     growth around the limbs and for that reason is not considered to
     be a problem on trees. In Texas, Spanish moss is associated with
     an atomosphere of the "old South". The "old South" is the area in
     which it is found normally and there it is prized by the
     homeowners. No control is suggested.
   *     * Picture Notes:     * More Information:                                   * Distribution:  Florida to Texas, south to Argentina.
   * Synonyms:     * Hardiness Zone:  USDA Zones 8-11       (view USDA zone map)
   * Size:   1-20 ft.
   * Form:   Frost-tender epiphytic and rootless perennial.
   * Bark:      * Stem/Bud:   Stems are branching, slender, curled and covered with
     silver-grey scales which catch water and nutrients from the air.
   * Leaves:   Leaves are grey-green and covered with silver-white
     scales which catch water and nutrients from the air. When dry
     leaves are grey. Leaves are pendulous, finely curled and spiraled.
   * Fall Color:      * Flower:   Flowers are yellow-green or blue, fragrant at night,
     inconspicuous and surrounded by flat, translucent pink bracts.
   * Fruit:   Fruit are capsules.
   * Uses:   Use as container specimens, indoors as foliage
     houseplants, in conservatories and greenhouses. Once used as a
     filler in mattresses and car seats. Used by birds for nesting






       Tillandsia General Care


     Tillandsias an air plants, in the Bromeliad family (like a
     Pineapple and Spanish Moss).
     They are found in Latin America and grow on rocks and trees
     without soil in the wild.
     Tillandsia tolerating a wider range of growing conditions than
     many other plant and adapt easily.

     All Tillandsias will produce flowers and then off-shoots (pups)
     from the base of the plant.

     _*Should be bright but filtered, not direct sunlight in the summer
     They do love direct light in the cooler months of November to March.
     You can grow your Tillandsia in front of a bright window.
     Artificial lights are great for Tillandsias also.
     Use a full spectrum fluorescent bulb like a "Gro-Lux" bulb about
     6-12" above the plant.
     Put on a timer for about 12 hours a day.
     The greener and softer varieties like a little more water and shade.

     _*Although Tillandsias are called "Air Plants" they do need water
     to survive.
     Thoroughly wet your Tillandsia 2-3 times per week and more often
     in a hot, dry environment; less often in a cool, humid one.
     Plants should be given enough light and air circulation to dry in
     no longer than 4 hours after watering.
     Spray misting is insufficient as the sole means of watering but
     may be beneficial between regular watering's in dry climates to
     increase the humidity.
     If the plant is in a shell, be sure to empty the water out.      Tillandsias will not survive in standing water.
     Under-watering is evidenced by an exaggerating of the natural
     concave curve of each leaf.
     The greener and softer varieties like a little more water and shade.

     _*Optimum temperature range for Tillandsias is 45 - 95 degrees F.
     They must be brought into protection from any freeze, but a light
     frost will not usually damage them.

     _*Fertilize monthly from Spring to Fall.
     Use at 1/4 strength. Too much fertilizer can burn your Tillandsia.
     Use this special Bromeliad Tillandsia Fertilizer