Opportunities for design
July 1, 2014
Back in mediaeval times, I was conducting a workshop and pontificating about
design. A man put his hand up and said, "When you use the word 'design,'
I have no idea what you're talking about. What are you talking about?" I
realized right then that, for many artists, the kind of design I was talking
about wasn't covered in their bibles.
Yesterday, while easelling along and looking for design opportunities, I tried
to figure out how I might have brought that fellow into the fold. I always
have this uncomfortable feeling I might have given false witness to artists I
knew in the past. "Look at any object," I could have told him,
"a car, a chair, a vacuum cleaner, the pope's nose." With a little
study and quiet thought, he would be able to distinguish good design from bad.
In my books, great artists are often those who can transfer their finer sense
of design to their art. While design ideas may be highly personal and unique,
here are a few specifics worth looking out for:
Continuum: Continuity is seen from one element to another.
It's not just the stuff you're looking at, or the magical dreams of your head,
it's what you do with your material. "Nature," said James Abbot
McNeill Whistler, "is usually wrong." What he meant was that in order
to be art, things need to be redesigned. In many cases, stuff needs to be moved,
separated, lined up, brought into agreement or in some way justified as a thing
of its own--a troublesome leap of faith for many. Fact is, there's gotta be
meaning and purpose.
Harmony: Shapes echo and complement one another.
Functionality: How does it work? Form follows function.
Elegance: Curves attract, amuse, enthrall, seduce.
Implication: Elements are suggestive or metaphoric.
Concentricity: Elements circulate, extend and focus.
Control: The viewer's eye does what you want it to do.
Strength: Forms are solid, committed, authoritative.
Personality: Your design motifs can be yours alone.
In an even more pagan century, I too was sitting at the back of the room
wondering what design was all about. My instructor, the late, great Strother
McMinn, came by, looked at what I was doing, and said, "Not more bloody
woolly stuff! Stop drawing potatoes, Genn." It was about that time I began
to see the light.
PS: "The science of design is the source and essence of painting,
sculpture, architecture. Sometimes it seems to me that all the works of the
human brain and hand are either design itself or a branch of that art."
Esoterica: There are two main approaches to design. One is the calculated
planning that builds preconceived design into work from the very beginning. The
other is to leave your options open to be able to modify and improve design as
you go along. This requires a constant and critical eye. It's part of my most
valuable question, "What could be?" Look at half-finished work as a
puzzle with many possible outcomes. The great printmaker Walter J. Phillips,
said, "Design must be very carefully considered, and plenty of time and
thought given to its construction." The downside, if you don't, is the
"bloody woolly stuff," mentioned above. "True artists," said
William Shipley, "are people who find bad design physically